Cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy study.

  • Rapid antigen diagnostic tests (Ag-RDTs) are the most widely used point-of-care tests for detecting SARS-CoV-2 infection. Since the accuracy may have altered by changes in SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology, indications for testing, sampling and testing procedures, and roll-out of COVID-19 vaccination, we evaluated the performance of three prevailing SARS-CoV-2 Ag-RDTs.
  •  In this cross-sectional study, we consecutively enrolled individuals aged >16 years presenting for SARS-CoV-2 testing at three Dutch public health service COVID-19 test sites. In the first phase, participants underwent either BD-Veritor System (Becton Dickinson), PanBio (Abbott), or SD-Biosensor (Roche Diagnostics) testing with routine sampling procedures. In a subsequent phase, participants underwent SD-Biosensor testing with a less invasive sampling method (combined oropharyngeal-nasal [OP-N] swab). Diagnostic accuracies were assessed against molecular testing.
  • Six thousand nine hundred fifty-five of 7005 participants (99%) with results from both an Ag-RDT and a molecular reference test were analysed. SARS-CoV-2 prevalence and overall sensitivities were 13% (188/1441) and 69% (129/188, 95% CI 62-75) for BD-Veritor, 8% (173/2056) and 69% (119/173, 61-76) for PanBio, and 12% (215/1769) and 74% (160/215, 68-80) for SD-Biosensor with routine sampling and 10% (164/1689) and 75% (123/164, 68-81) for SD-Biosensor with OP-N sampling. In those symptomatic or asymptomatic at sampling, sensitivities were 72-83% and 54-56%, respectively. Above a viral load cut-off (≥5.2 log10 SARS-CoV-2 E-gene copies/mL), sensitivities were 86% (125/146, 79-91) for BD-Veritor, 89% (108/121, 82-94) for PanBio, and 88% (160/182, 82-92) for SD-Biosensor with routine sampling and 84% (118/141, 77-89) with OP-N sampling. Specificities were >99% for all tests in most analyses. Sixty-one per cent of false-negative Ag-RDT participants returned for testing within 14 days (median: 3 days, interquartile range 3) of whom 90% tested positive.
  • Overall sensitivities of three SARS-CoV-2 Ag-RDTs were 69-75%, increasing to ≥86% above a viral load cut-off. The decreased sensitivity among asymptomatic participants and high positivity rate during follow-up in false-negative Ag-RDT participants emphasise the need for education of the public about the importance of re-testing after an initial negative Ag-RDT should symptoms develop. For SD-Biosensor, Rapid antigen test kit the diagnostic accuracy with OP-N and deep nasopharyngeal sampling was similar; adopting the more convenient sampling method might reduce the threshold for professional testing. COVID-19; Diagnostic accuracy; Rapid antigen tests; SARS-CoV-2.

Plasmodium falciparum pfhrp2 and pfhrp3 Gene Deletions from Persons with Symptomatic Malaria Infection in Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, and Rwanda

 

  1. Histidine-rich protein 2 (HRP2)-based rapid diagnostic tests detect Plasmodium falciparum malaria and are used throughout sub-Saharan Africa. However, deletions in the pfhrp2 and related pfhrp3 (pfhrp2/3) genes threaten use of these tests. Therapeutic efficacy studies (TESs) enroll persons with symptomatic P. falciparum infection. We screened TES samples collected during 2016-2018 in Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, and Madagascar for HRP2/3, pan-Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase, and pan-Plasmodium aldolase antigen levels and selected samples with low levels of HRP2/3 for pfhrp2/3 genotyping.
  2. We observed deletion of pfhrp3 in samples from all countries except Kenya. Single-gene deletions in pfhrp2 were observed in 1.4% (95% CI 0.2%-4.8%) of Ethiopia samples and in 0.6% (95% CI 0.2%-1.6%) of Madagascar samples, and dual pfhrp2/3 deletions were noted in 2.0% (95% CI 0.4%-5.9%) of Ethiopia samples. Although this study was not powered for precise prevalence estimates, evaluating TES samples revealed a low prevalence of pfhrp2/3 deletions in most sites.

Development of a Test Card Based on Colloidal Gold Immunochromatographic Strips for Rapid Detection of Antibodies against Theileria equi and Babesia caballi

  1. Equine piroplasmosis (EP) is a serious problem in the horse industry, and controlling EP is critical for international horse trading. EP is caused by two apicomplexan protozoan parasites, Theileria equi and Babesia caballi. Rapid and accurate methods that are suitable for detecting these parasites in the field are crucial to control the infection and spread of EP.
  2. In this study, we developed a card to detect antibodies against T. equi and B. caballi based on two colloidal gold immunochromatographic strips according to the principle of the double-antigen sandwich. The proteins equi merozoite antigen 1 (EMA1) and rhoptry protein BC48 are commonly used as diagnostic antigens against T. equi and B. caballi, respectively.
  3. On the strip, the purified EMA1 or BC48 protein labeled with colloidal gold was used as the detector, and nitrocellulose membranes were coated with EMA1 or BC48 and the corresponding MAb as the test and control lines, respectively. The protocol takes 10 to 15 min and requires no specialized equipment or chemical reagents, and one test can detect two EP pathogens in one card.
  4. Specificity tests confirmed there was no cross-reactivity with sera positive for common equine pathogens. Using a commercial competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) kit for comparison, 476 clinical samples were tested with the card.
  5. The coincidence rates were 96.43% and 97.90% for T. equi and B. caballi, respectively. The field trial feedback was uniformly positive, suggesting that this diagnostic tool may be useful for controlling the spread of T. equi and B. caballi.
  6. Equine piroplasmosis (EP), caused by Theileria equi and Babesia caballi, is an important tick-borne disease of equines that is prevalent in most parts of the world. EP is considered a reportable disease by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).
  7. The accurate diagnosis and differentiation of T. equi and B. caballi are very important for the prevention, control, and treatment of EP. Therefore, we developed a double-antigen sandwich colloidal gold immunochromatography assay (GICG) to detect T. equi and B. caballi.
  8. Two GICG strips were assembled side by side on one card for the detection of T. equi and B. caballi, and the two EP pathogens could be detected in one test. This method was simple, rapid, and specific for the detection of EP; therefore, compared to the previous methods, this method is more suitable for pathogen diagnosis in the field.

Direct Detection of Feline Coronavirus by Three Rapid Antigen Immunochromatographic Tests and by Real-Time PCR in Cat Shelters.

The aim of this study was the direct detection of feline coronavirus by real-time PCR and by three different rapid immunochromatographic (RIM) tests detecting antigens in faecal samples of shelter cats. Based on sensitivity and specificity calculated for each of the RIM tests, the utility of RIM tests was compared.
Seventy faecal samples originating from shelter cats housed in quarantine were examined. Out of 70 samples analyzed by real-time PCR, 44 (62.9%) were positive. Significantly more cats (p < 0.05) tested positive than negative. Neither age nor sex of the cats played a significant role (p > 0.05) in the shedding status of the virus. The sensitivity of the RIM tests was found to be at low (<35%; RIM tests A and C) to satisfactory level (>50%, RIM test B). The number of virus particles determined by real-time RT-PCR analysis did not significantly correlate with the results detected by any of the RIM tests (p > 0.05).

COVID-19 Antigen Rapid Test

ICOV-802H Hangzhou AllTest Biotech 25 Tests

GA COVID-19 Rapid Antigen Test

BSV-3980 BioServUK 20 tests

COVID-19 Antigen Rapid Test Pen (Saliva)

BSV-COV-2PEN20 BioServUK 20 pc

Rapid Response COVID-19 Saliva Rapid Antigen Test

BSV-COV-2C25B BioServUK 25 tests

Accu-Tell COVID-19 IgG/IgM Rapid Test

GEN-B352-20tests Accu test 20 tests

Accu-Tell COVID-19 IgG/IgM Rapid Test

GEN-B352-40tests Accu test 40 tests

Healgen Rapid COVID-19 Antigen Self-Test

BSV-GCCOV-502a-H1-10 BioServUK 10

Healgen Rapid COVID-19 Antigen Self-Test

BSV-GCCOV-502a-H1-1000 BioServUK 1000

Healgen Rapid COVID-19 Antigen Self-Test

BSV-GCCOV-502a-H1-200 BioServUK 200

COVID-19 Panbio™ COVID-19 Ag Rapid Test Device

AF41FK10CFE Abbott 25T

COVID-19 IgG/IgM Rapid Test Kit

UNCOV-20 UnScience 20T/kit

Innovita COVID-19 IgG/IgM Rapid Test

BSV-RAPID-02 BioServUK 40 tests

Panbio™ COVID-19 IgG/IgM Rapid Test

ICO-T402 Abbott 25 Tests/Kit

Flu A & Flu B & Covid-19 Ag Rapid Test

GF101A3 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 25 Test/kit

COVID-19 (2019-nCoV) Coronavirus IgG/IgM Rapid Test Kit

GF101A1 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 25 Test/kit

H.pylori Antigen Rapid Test

IHP-N601 Hangzhou AllTest Biotech 1 kit

H.pylori Antigen Rapid Test

IHP-N602 Hangzhou AllTest Biotech 1 kit

Brucella Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092116-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Brucella Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092116-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Brucella Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092116-200l Abbexa 200 µl

S. pneumoniae Antigen Rapid Test

ISP-N102 Hangzhou AllTest Biotech 1 kit

Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092133-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092133-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092133-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Norovirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092261-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Norovirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092261-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Norovirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092261-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092272-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092272-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092272-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Brucella antigen rapid test card

LSY-20076-2 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Toxoplasma Antigen Rapid Test Card

C11352 Ring Biotechnology Co 15T

Salmonella typhi Antigen Rapid Test

ISTY-N602 Hangzhou AllTest Biotech 1 kit

CPV&CCoV Antigen Rapid Test Card

C11611 Ring Biotechnology Co 10T

SARS-CoV-2 Antigen Rapid Test

INCP-502H Hangzhou AllTest Biotech 25 Tests

Dog rabies Antigen rapid test card

LSY-20063 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 10 test/kit

Rabies Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092033-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Rabies Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092033-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Rabies Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092033-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Human Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx472030-1096tests Abbexa 10 × 96 tests

Human Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx472030-596tests Abbexa 5 × 96 tests

Human Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx472030-96tests Abbexa 96 tests

Canine Parvovirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092032-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Canine Parvovirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092032-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Canine Parvovirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092032-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Canine Adenovirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092138-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Canine Adenovirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092138-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Canine Adenovirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092138-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Dog Toxoplasmosis Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092277-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Dog Toxoplasmosis Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092277-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Dog Toxoplasmosis Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092277-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Canine Coronavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092119-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Canine Coronavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092119-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Canine Coronavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092119-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Feline Coronavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092135-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Feline Coronavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092135-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Feline Coronavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092135-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Bird Flu H9 antigen rapid test card

LSY-20057 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Bird Flu H5 antigen rapid test card

LSY-20059 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

CPV&CCoV&GIA Antigen Rapid Test Card

C11601 Ring Biotechnology Co 10T

SARS-CoV-2 Antigen Rapid Test Kit

CoV2Ag-1 UnScience 1T

SARS-CoV-2 Antigen Rapid Test Kit

CoV2Ag-25 UnScience 25T/kit

SARS-CoV-2 Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx294181-100g Abbexa 100 µg

SARS-CoV-2 Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx294181-20g Abbexa 20 µg

SARS-CoV-2 Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx294181-50g Abbexa 50 µg

SARS-CoV-2 Antigen Rapid Test Kit

GF101A2 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 25 Test/kit

Adenovirus Antigen and Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx090727-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Adenovirus Antigen and Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx090727-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Adenovirus Antigen and Rotavirus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx090727-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Dengue Virus NS1 Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx090706-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Dengue Virus NS1 Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx090706-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Dengue Virus NS1 Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx090706-200l Abbexa 200 µl

NOVATest Antigen Rapid Test Kit (For Single Use) (NOVA Test)

nCov-500-01 Atlas Link Technology 1T

NOVATest Antigen Rapid Kit (NOVA Test)

nCov-500 Atlas Link Technology 20 Tests

Dengue Antigen for Rapid Test Recombinant

rAP-5175 Angio Proteomie Inquiry

Dog Giardia lamblia Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092122-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Dog Giardia lamblia Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092122-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Dog Giardia lamblia Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092122-200l Abbexa 200 µl

African Swine Fever Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092160-100l Abbexa 100 µl

African Swine Fever Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092160-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

African Swine Fever Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092160-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Avian Influenza Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092015-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Avian Influenza Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092015-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Avian Influenza Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092015-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Feline Leukemia Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092134-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Feline Leukemia Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092134-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Feline Leukemia Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092134-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Swine Influenza Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092159-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Swine Influenza Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092159-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Swine Influenza Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092159-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Human Giardia lamblia Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx472016-1096tests Abbexa 10 × 96 tests

Human Giardia lamblia Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx472016-596tests Abbexa 5 × 96 tests

Human Giardia lamblia Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx472016-96tests Abbexa 96 tests

Canine Distemper Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092034-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Canine Distemper Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092034-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Canine Distemper Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092034-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Canine Influenza Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092137-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Canine Influenza Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092137-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Canine Influenza Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092137-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Feline Herpesvirus (FHV) Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092275-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Feline Herpesvirus (FHV) Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092275-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Feline Herpesvirus (FHV) Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092275-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092279-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092279-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092279-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Human Candida albicans Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx472009-1096tests Abbexa 10 × 96 tests

Human Candida albicans Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx472009-596tests Abbexa 5 × 96 tests

Human Candida albicans Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx472009-96tests Abbexa 96 tests

Canine Parvovirus(CPV) antigen rapid test card

LSY-20036 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 10 test/kit

Newcastle Disease Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092016-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Newcastle Disease Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092016-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Newcastle Disease Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092016-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Newcastle disease virus(NDV) antigen rapid test

LSY-20025 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Malaria PF and PV Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092211-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Malaria PF and PV Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092211-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Malaria PF and PV Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092211-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Typhoid Antigen (S. typhi) Rapid Test Kit

abx092222-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Typhoid Antigen (S. typhi) Rapid Test Kit

abx092222-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Typhoid Antigen (S. typhi) Rapid Test Kit

abx092222-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Porcine circovirus(PCV2) antigen rapid test card

LSY-20013-2 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

COVID-19 RT-qPCR Rapid Detection Kit

BSV-qPCR-06 BioServUK 100 reactions

Feline Panleukopenia Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092136-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Feline Panleukopenia Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092136-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Feline Panleukopenia Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092136-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Porcine pseudorabies virus antigen rapid test card

LSY-20009A Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Malaria (Plasmodium Falciparum Antigen) Rapid Test Kit

abx090709-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Malaria (Plasmodium Falciparum Antigen) Rapid Test Kit

abx090709-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Malaria (Plasmodium Falciparum Antigen) Rapid Test Kit

abx090709-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Rapid Test Kit

abx092266-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Rapid Test Kit

abx092266-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Rapid Test Kit

abx092266-200l Abbexa 200 µl

COVID-19 Spike Antigen

30-2018 Fitzgerald 1 mg

COVID-19 Spike Antigen

30-2019 Fitzgerald 1 mg

Rotavirus antigen rapid test for cattle, pig, dog

LSY-20091 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Avian influenza virus H7 antigen rapid test card

LSY-20081 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Avian influenza virus(AIV) antigen rapid test card

LSY-20033 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Swine Influenza Virus(SIV) antigen rapid test card

LSY-20110 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Classical Swine Fever Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092127-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Classical Swine Fever Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092127-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Classical Swine Fever Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092127-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Canine distemper virus(CDV) antigen rapid test card

LSY-20037 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 10 test/kit

SARS-CoV-2 Rapid Antigen Test Nasal

9901-NCOV-03G Roche Diagnostics 25 Tests/Kit

COVID-19 Nucleocapsid antigen

30-2020 Fitzgerald 1 mg

COVID-19 Nucleocapsid antigen

30-2021 Fitzgerald 1 mg

Infectious bursal disease(IBD) antigen rapid test card

LSY-20029 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

COVID-19 RNA Test, 1 test/pack

U20250 USTAR Biotechnologies (Hangzhou) test

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092218-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092218-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092218-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Feline Panleukopenia virus(FPV) antigen rapid test card

LSY-20088 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 10 test/kit

Canine Parvovirus Antigen (CPV Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG001 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Human Influenza A/B Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx090713-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Human Influenza A/B Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx090713-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Human Influenza A/B Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx090713-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Human Streptococcus Pneumoniae (SP) Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092096-20tests Abbexa 20 tests

Canine Coronavirus Antigen (CCV Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG003 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Feline Herpesvirus Antigen (FHV Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG005 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Feline Calicivirus Antigen (FCV Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG030 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Foot and Mouth Disease Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092115-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Foot and Mouth Disease Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092115-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Foot and Mouth Disease Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092115-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Feline Coronavirus Antigen (FCoV Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG006 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Human Monkeypox Virus Antigen (MPXV) Rapid Test Kit

abx092162-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Human Monkeypox Virus Antigen (MPXV) Rapid Test Kit

abx092162-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Human Monkeypox Virus Antigen (MPXV) Rapid Test Kit

abx092162-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Group A Streptococcus Antigen (GAS) Rapid Test Kit

abx092250-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Group A Streptococcus Antigen (GAS) Rapid Test Kit

abx092250-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Group A Streptococcus Antigen (GAS) Rapid Test Kit

abx092250-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Panbio COVID-19 AG RAPID T Device 25T NP

41FK10 Abbott 25 Tests/Kit

Panbio COVID-19 AG RAPID T DEVICE 25T NS

41FK11 Abbott 25 Tests/Kit

Peste des petits ruminants(PPR) antigen rapid test card

LSY-20089-2 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

African Swine Fever Virus(ASFV) Antigen Rapid Test Card

LSY-20113 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092174-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092174-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092174-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Helicobacter Pylori Antigen (H. Pylori) Rapid Test Kit

abx090728-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Helicobacter Pylori Antigen (H. Pylori) Rapid Test Kit

abx090728-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Helicobacter Pylori Antigen (H. Pylori) Rapid Test Kit

abx090728-200l Abbexa 200 µl

COVID-19 Antigen Detection Kit

BSV-G61RHA20 BioServUK 20 tests

Classical Swine fever virus(CSFV) antigen rapid test card

LSY-20010 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Porcine Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092131-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Porcine Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092131-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Porcine Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092131-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Avian Influenza Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit (Colloidal gold)

abx092015-40tests Abbexa 40 tests

Coronavirus (SARS-Cov-2) Antigen Rapid Test Device (Saliva)

IOV87952 INVBIO 20T/kit

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) virus antigen rapid test card

LSY-20109 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Canine Distemper Virus Antigen (CDV Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG002 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Canine Influenza virus Antigen (CIV Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG028 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Feline Leukemia Virus Antigen (FeLv Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG029 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Newcastle Disease Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit (Colloidal gold)

abx092016-40tests Abbexa 40 tests

Chicken Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092114-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Chicken Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092114-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Chicken Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit

abx092114-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Human Neisseria gonorrhoeae Antigen (Gonorrhoea) Rapid Test Kit

abx090724-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Human Neisseria gonorrhoeae Antigen (Gonorrhoea) Rapid Test Kit

abx090724-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Human Neisseria gonorrhoeae Antigen (Gonorrhoea) Rapid Test Kit

abx090724-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Human Chlamydia Trachomatis Antigen Rapid Test Kit (Colloidal gold)

abx092049-20tests Abbexa 20 tests

Feline Panleukopenia Virus Antigen (FPV Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG004 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Healgen Coronavirus Rapid Antigen Test (Professional use)

BSV-GCCOV-502a-20 BioServUK 20 tests

Avian Influenza H5 Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit (Colloidal gold)

abx092014-40tests Abbexa 40 tests

Avian Influenza H7 Virus Antigen Rapid Test Kit (Colloidal gold)

abx092017-40tests Abbexa 40 tests

Human Streptococcus pneumoniae Antigen (Pneumococcus) Rapid Test Kit

abx092096-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Human Streptococcus pneumoniae Antigen (Pneumococcus) Rapid Test Kit

abx092096-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Human Streptococcus pneumoniae Antigen (Pneumococcus) Rapid Test Kit

abx092096-200l Abbexa 200 µl

COVID-19 Nucleocapsid recombinant antigen

00221-V Virogen 1 MG

COVID-19 Nucleocapsid recombinant antigen

00221-V-100ugvial Virogen 100 ug/vial

Porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus(TGE) antigen rapid test card

LSY-20096 Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Nadal COVID-19 IgG/IgM Test

BSV-243001N-10 BioServUK 10 tests

Canine Parvovirus Antigen/Canine Coronavirus Antigen  (CPV/CCV Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG008 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Vibrio Cholerae O1 and O139 Antigen Combo Rapid Test Kit

abx092224-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Vibrio Cholerae O1 and O139 Antigen Combo Rapid Test Kit

abx092224-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Vibrio Cholerae O1 and O139 Antigen Combo Rapid Test Kit

abx092224-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Human Hepatitis B Virus E Antigen (HBVeAg) Rapid Test Kit

abx092247-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Human Hepatitis B Virus E Antigen (HBVeAg) Rapid Test Kit

abx092247-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Human Hepatitis B Virus E Antigen (HBVeAg) Rapid Test Kit

abx092247-200l Abbexa 200 µl

Human HIV Antigen and Antibody (HIV Ag/Ab) Rapid Test Kit

abx472022-1096tests Abbexa 10 × 96 tests

Human HIV Antigen and Antibody (HIV Ag/Ab) Rapid Test Kit

abx472022-596tests Abbexa 5 × 96 tests

Human HIV Antigen and Antibody (HIV Ag/Ab) Rapid Test Kit

abx472022-96tests Abbexa 96 tests

2019-nCoV IgG/IgM Rapid Test Cassette (Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma)

GEN-402-25tests All test 25 tests

Feline Panleukopenia Virus Antigen/Feline Herpesvirus Antigen (FPV/FHV) Rapid Test Kit

HG011 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Human Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen (HBsAg) Rapid Test Kit

abx090708-100l Abbexa 100 µl

Human Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen (HBsAg) Rapid Test Kit

abx090708-1ml Abbexa 1 ml

Human Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen (HBsAg) Rapid Test Kit

abx090708-200l Abbexa 200 µl

FMD Type A antigen rapid test card for bovine, goat and porcine

LSY-20090A Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

FMD Type O antigen rapid test card for bovine, goat and porcine

LSY-20090O Shenzhen Lvshiyuan Biotechnology 40 test/kit

Canine Relaxin Antigen (RLN Ag) Rapid Pregnancy Test Kit

HG043 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

SARS-CoV-2 and Influenza A+B Antigen Combo Rapid Test

ISIN-525H Hangzhou AllTest Biotech 25 Tests

Canine Distemper Virus Antigen/Canine Adenovirus Antigen (CDV/CAV Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG009 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit

Canine Distemper Virus Antigen/Canine Influenzavirus Antigen (CDV/CIV Ag) Rapid Test Kit

HG010 EnoGene 10 Tests/Kit
The results of this study indicate that the use of rapid antigen RIM tests in routine screening of FCoV shedding status in shelter cats is limited due to the occurrence of a high number of false negative results.

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